Name: Severe Anemia
Alternative Names: Chronic Anemia, Thalassemia, Irondeficiency Anemia, Pernicious Anemia, Aplastic Anemia, Hemolytic Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia
There are three major causes for the onset of anemia that include a lack in the production of red blood cells, a high rate of destruction of red blood cells, and extreme blood loss. Several factors may put an individual at risk for severe anemia such as traumatic injury with hemorrhage, cancer especially leukemias, heavy menstrual cycles, disorders that cause bleeding from the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts, malnutrition, hormonal changes, chronic kidney disease, chronic infection, and certain genetic disorders.
Symptoms of Severe Anemia
Red blood cells are responsible for delivering oxygen to the body’s tissues and organs. The signs and symptoms that individuals experience are related to low oxygen levels and include; dizziness, shortness of breath, headache,feelings of coldness in the hands and feet, pale complexion, chest pain and in extreme cases erratic heart rate and heart failure.
Treating Severe Anemia or Treatment of Severe Anemia
Treatment of severe anemia is aimed at reversing the cause for the low level of red blood cells and improving oxygenation to the tissues. Blood transfusion is commonly used as an immediate attempt to restore the blood’s ability to transport oxygen to the tissues. Certain types of anemia only require dietary changes or supplementation with iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin C. Anemia caused by cancer often requires bone marrow transplantation or surgery to stop the hemorrhage of blood after a traumatic injury. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is approved for the treatment of severe anemia because of the high levels of oxygen that it supplies to the body’s vital organs with each treatment. It serves as a therapeutic option for individuals who need relief from the debilitating and life threatening effects of severe anemia. The benefits of HBOT are due to it’s ability to deliver oxygen in a dissolved state that is immediately available for use by the body’s tissues and vital organs.