Name: Lyme disease
Borrelia burgdorferi is the name of the bacteria that causes Lyme disease. B. burgdorferi is transmitted by ticks. Ticks that live on deer and mice contract borrelia burgdorferi when they bite a
deer or mouse that is infected with the bacteria. The infected ticks can transmit the bacteria to other animals or humans they bite causing Lyme disease. If promptly diagnosed and treated with antibiotics, the patient will recover with no lasting physical symptoms. In the absence of classic signs and symptoms, the patient may not be properly diagnosed. The end result is serious disability.
Symptoms of Lyme disease
Early signs and symptoms of infection with B. burgdorferi include fever, a classic “bullseye” of reddened tissue and rash at the site of the original tick bite. If unrecognized, the symptoms of Lyme disease begin to affect the patient. These can include headache, widespread muscle and joint pain, fever, flulike symptoms and severe fatigue. Some patients can develop Lyme carditis (inflammation of the heart caused by Lyme disease) which can cause problems with the normal electrical conduction of the heart. Not all patients with Lyme disease have the same symptoms.
Treating Lyme disease or Treatment of Lyme disease
If diagnosed promptly Lyme disease is effectively treated with antibiotics specific for Borrelia. Beyond that, treatment is aimed at controlling the individual patient’s symptoms. Some patients may also be tested for other autoimmune disorders possibly triggered by the infection. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been used to treat sufferers of Lyme disease with success. The Borrelia bacteria can only tolerate small amounts of oxygen. When it is exposed to the high concentration of oxygen provided by HBOT, it does not survive. HBOT has also been shown to greatly reduce the pain experienced by patients with Lyme disease by forcing oxygen into the body tissues and forcing toxins out.